CFS-A Study of the role and importance of the Central Forest Spine emancipating sustainability groundwork for flora and fauna embodied toward mankind in West Malaysia.


The study of the Central Forest Spine (CFS) established and provided the true form and function of the biological and analytical importance of the Environmentally Sensitive Area Network of West Malaysia inherited intricate forest system withstanding ecological and time framework and the natural flora for the wellbeing and sustenance of the fauna especially of the larger creatures.

The area of our concerns targeted area of PL3 (as in the map below) that surrounded the perimeter of HS Lojing that straddled along the main range and HS Sungai Brok that also reside on the Main Range. This area has become the apex of our interest because of the indirectly linked to RKK Lojing Cameron Highlands Study concurrently vested to our Regional section of JPBD.

An extract from the CFS Study implied that…

The policy statement is supported by two measures that form the basis of this project:

  1. Measure 4: Studies shall be undertaken to determine the possibility of re-establishing the integrity and connectivity of forests and wetlands through the implementation of linkages between the four major forest complexes; and
  2. Measure 5: Rivers shall be used as connective corridors to maintain the integrity and connectivity of forest ecosystems.

In order to translate and apply this national land use planning policy and measures at the local level, a special study has been commissioned by JPBD, Peninsular Malaysia. The huge CFS land complex is divided into two sub-areas, i.e. CFS-1 and CFS-2, to be studied by two teams of private consultants separately. To ensure that the CFS area is planned and managed in a holistic and integrated manner, JPBD will undertake to coordinate and put together consistently the recommendations of the
Two studies at a later stage.

The main purpose of the preparation of this master plan is a beginning step to realize the importance of community awareness to maintain and conserve ecological linkages to global interest.

This master plan is a document or masterpiece that will guide….

The Study Area of PL3 i.e.: Lojing which is located to the west of Taman Negara. The nearest towns are Merapoh at the north and Lipis at the south. This area is on the only road from Pahang to Kelantan which runs along the western side of Taman Negara. It is around 45 min drive from Lipis town. Along this road, there are some oil palm and rubber plantations. A railway track runs approximately along the same alignment as the road, and the train service here operates twice a day for passenger from Jerantut to Gua Musang and Jeli. There are 2 forest reserves beside the study area. There are also rivers (i.e. Sg.Yu and Sg. Tanum) crossing the study area.

  • Tanum Forest Reserve (on the Taman Negara side) is bisected from the Ulu Jelai Forest Reserve & Sungai Yu Forest Reserve (on the Main Range side) by the Kuala Lipis – Gua Musang trunk road and railway. The forest reserves are separated by approximately 400 m of state land forest, scrub and grassland.
  • The least developed section of this road/railway is at the narrowest point (north and south of the bridge over Sungai Yu), where the forest is only separated by the road and the railway.
  • Sg Yu-Main Range Linkage is located within 10 kilometers of the national premier tourism destination Taman Negara, which has its main entry point at Merapoh.

And according to the study also mentioned the threat/constraints whereby states that

  • Taman Negara is almost cut off from the rest of the forested landscape in the west, and increasingly becoming a “habitat island”.

The clearing of forest cover along the north and west fringes of the park over the past 15 years has created an ecological bottleneck that hinders movement of wild animals, especially predators and their prey species between Taman Negara and the Main Range.

Implementation Strategy

1) Gazzettement of Forest Reserve (protected) and Acquisition of Land

  • Immediate freeze on land alienation and development in the corridor, plus any TOL land is not allowed to be renewed.
  • Gazette Tanum FR within the Core Area as protection forest under Section10(f) of the National Forestry Act 1984 (i.e. as a wildlife sanctuary)
  • Gazette all state land forests / scrub land within the Core Area as protection forest under Section10 of the National ForestryAct 1984
  • Gazette state land forests within the Buffer Zone as Forest Reserve under NFA, 1984
  • Long term strategy: Extend the boundary of Taman Negara Pahang to include the Core Area.

2) Establish Wildlife Crossing

Components of Stage I

  • Additional signage (gantry type) and advisory signs.
  • Speed control limited to 60km/hr over 5 km stretch.
  • Wildlife monitoring program.

Components of Stage 2

  • Confirmation of wildlife crossing from monitoring program.
  • Underpass (viaduct) at 3.5 km south of Sg. Yu Bridge.
  • Overpass (vehicular box culvert) at 1.5 km south of Sg. Yu Bridge.
  • Remove 60km/hr speed limit. Road reverts to 90km/hr after crossing structures are in place.
  • Provide barriers and escape structures for wildlife crossing as necessary.

3) Create Riparian Corridor

  • Create a riparian corridor to allow elephants to continue to pass through the oil palm estate (FELCRA Sungai Temau) along the Tanum River.
  • For rivers located within the core area no riparian reserve required (Sg. Yu and Sg. Jeleteh).
  • For rivers within the buffer area riparian reserve is required for Sg. Temau and Sg. Tanum.
  • Riparian reserve is an additional 50 m to the river reserve.

4) Land Use Management Control

  • Carry out a monitoring programme.
  • FELCRA Sg Temau (942 ha), FELDA Chegar Perah 1(655 ha rubber) and FELDA Chegar Perah 1 (2,631 ha. oil palm) encouraged to practice sustainable plantation management as outlined in “Guidelines for Sustainable Agricultural Management of Plantations‟ and RSPO guidelines.
  • No further development of agricultural areas should be allowed in the core areas of the ecological corridor.
  • The wildlife corridor should be promoted as the most accessible part of the premier ecotourism destination of Taman Negara.

Expected Benefits

  • Connect Taman Negara National Park, the largest protected area and an important stronghold of viable populations of many endangered species in Peninsular Malaysia, with the vast expanse of forest on and around the Main Range, and consequently to Royal Belum in the north.
  • Enhance the long-term viability of wildlife populations (tigers and elephants in particular) in the Peninsular.
  • Increased ecotourism awareness among travelers along the Federal Route 3 and the eastern region railway users.


The impact of deforestation may impair the sustainability of natural habitat, its beauty and complexities that revolves and evolves around mankind towards living creatures and its domain and their linkages.

Accordingly in literature stated from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, Deforestation is the removal of a forest or stand of trees where the land is thereafter converted to a nonforest use. Examples of deforestation include conversion of forestland to farms, ranches, or urban use, and in Malaysian context this instance to adverse widespread plantations or mining activities along these Linkages as stated in the Study.

The removal of trees without sufficient reforestation has resulted in damage to habitat, biodiversity loss and aridity. It has adverse impacts on biosequestration of atmospheric carbon dioxide. Deforested regions typically incur significant adverse soil erosion and frequently degrade into wasteland. Deforestation causes extinction, changes to climatic conditions, desertification, and displacement of populations as observed by current conditions and in the past through the fossil record.

An article by WWF Global goals prioritized on topic that surrounds the tiger habitats and the natural forest endeavors as follows:

  • By 2015, priority tiger conservation areas (forest reserves and protected areas) effectively managed through implementation of the Tiger Action Plan by relevant government agencies at federal and state levels
  • By 2020, Central Forest Spine managed as contiguous tiger habitat
  • By 2020, tiger population increased to 1,000

We do not want to see now and in the future dwindling forest due to the work of some pertinent radical forces subdue to exonerate the undisturbed Central Forest Spine but gradually devastated particularly area at Lojing, Kelantan.

To level off, one Corporate company heavily indebted from forest resources, Nestlé views destruction of tropical rainforests and peatlands as one of the most serious environmental issues facing us today. It is estimated that rainforest destruction contributes to around 20% of carbon dioxide emissions – more than the entire transport sector. The growing use of befouls is a serious factor in this destruction – which we have vigorously condemned. A partnership with The Forest Trust (TFT), together Nestlé has established Responsible Sourcing Guidelines and has committed to ensuring that its products do not have a deforestation footprint. This is the first time any company has made such a commitment.

The study does not pinpoint studies ever undertaken seriously about animal extinction , the immediate remedy to identify or ever to stop from nil factor of any animal that were here one or two hundred years ago were familiar. Hence we do not want to see the wild animal dwindling or extinct or at least maintained the required ratio population per 100 hectares are controlled or stay in momentum at their usual place of natural habitat , and are recorded or under watchful eyes by reliable trustees.

As reported in the local newspaper in the headline yesterday the devastating effect from illegal mining of gold in Kelantan, in particular around district of Gua Musang. This may include the areas in the Study Area of Lojing. It implores the consequences of the irregularities of the responsible authorities or the authorities thus not have the adequate authority. It had reveal from such crooked gung-ho operation the terrible mishap of deliberating erosion and landslide, devours its natural beauty, jeopardized the area thought to be water basin or catchment areas and nonchalantly cutting away the linkages especially for animal movements regimented as scrutinized under this study, and that is not all but the uncollectable revenues alongside that may directly or indirectly can be used in maintaining the physical and ecological balance of the land by the relevant players.

While in today’s paper it appear coincidentally to pinpoint the devastating effect of human rampage of Lojing in Gua Musang. Its haulage of this area affecting considerably to tarnished its natural beauty and image and in the same time devours whatever natural deposits inappropriately and disastrously of great proportion.

Thus the importance of the Central Forest Spine as a stronghold to withstand the ever-changing pressure of time and the turbulences of devastating development and at the same time cater the sustenance, biological needs and thoroughfare mobility of the animals in correspond to human mauling and relinquishing resources for their dire satisfaction for progress or satanic wealth.

Thank You.

HISHAM>>>Bahagian Perancangan Wilayah this!

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